Jannat Ara

Bitcoin ETF Landscape: Contrasting Approaches in the US and Europe

The approval of Bitcoin spot and futures ETFs in the United States has stirred significant excitement, prompting speculation about potential price surges and increased institutional interest in the cryptocurrency. However, the European landscape presents a different scenario as it navigates a more progressive but cautious approach toward cryptocurrency investment products.

Understanding Bitcoin ETFs:

Bitcoin ETFs operate similarly to traditional ETFs, where financial institutions issue shares representing ownership of Bitcoin and manage the fund on behalf of investors. The structure can involve holding Bitcoin futures or actual Bitcoin as the underlying asset. Notably, these ETFs trade on regulated securities exchanges, providing accessibility to a broader range of investors without the need for cryptocurrency wallets or trading on specialized platforms.

Europe’s Existing Crypto Investment Products:

In Europe, the market for exchange-traded products (ETPs) has been established for some time. The region has seen the existence of spot Bitcoin ETPs, allowing investors access to digital tokens. Notably, Europe has been more progressive in introducing cryptocurrency products compared to the US. The continent saw the launch of the first Bitcoin-based security, Bitcoin Tracker One, in 2015, available on a regulated exchange.

The First Bitcoin ETF in Europe:

While the US witnesses the approval of spot and futures Bitcoin ETFs, Europe has taken a notable step with the launch of the Jacobi FT Wilshire Bitcoin ETF in August 2023 on the Euronext Amsterdam exchange. This ETF, aligned with European Union aspirations for sustainable blockchain innovation, incorporates a built-in solution for renewable energy certification. However, the reception of this ETF was modest compared to the anticipation surrounding spot Bitcoin ETFs in the US.

Regulatory Challenges in Europe:

Despite progress in Europe’s cryptocurrency regulatory landscape, there are hurdles, primarily related to the Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities Directive 2009 (UCITS). Crypto assets, including Bitcoin, are not included in the European Commission’s Eligible Asset Directive for UCITS funds. This regulatory challenge may impact the development of cryptocurrency ETFs in the region.

Cultural Differences and Market Dynamics:

Cultural differences and market dynamics play a crucial role in shaping Europe’s approach to cryptocurrency investment. The more conservative investment stance of Europeans, compared to the perceived risk appetite of Americans, suggests that the success of spot Bitcoin ETFs in the US may not be replicated in Europe immediately.


While Europe has seen strides in cryptocurrency investment products and regulations, the approval of spot Bitcoin ETFs, similar to those in the US, faces challenges. As the crypto landscape evolves and the American market sets examples, Europe may reconsider its stance. For now, existing ETPs offered by prominent asset managers in Europe remain familiar to investors in the region.

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